Milad Communication Tower of Iran

IssueQ4 Print

A blaze of innovation

Milad Tower of Tehran is a multipurpose skyscraper located in northwest Tehran. As the tallest tower of Iran, with a height of 435 m, the tower is the sixth-tallest communication tower in the world, and it occupies 19th place among the world’s tallest structures. The total land area of the tower is 13,000 m2, and the function of the tower peak has obtained top ranking among all communication towers in the world. Because of its height and unique appearance, the tower can be seen from every location in Tehran, making it one of the symbols of the capital of Iran.

Milad Tower has a foundation, lobby, shaft, peak structure, and communication and TV tower.

The estimated weight of the tower is 150,000 tons; the largest diameter of the structure is 60 m at the 280-m level; the volume of concrete used for the project is 63,000 m3, and the amount of the glass used is about 17,000 m2.

Functions

Milad Tower was built with the aim of creating a monument and symbol for Tehran, and for responding to the communication and TV needs of the city. The main functions of the tower are as follows:

  • Creating and developing a wireless access network
  • Creating suitable infrastructure for new TV systems
  • Optimizing the coverage of radio and TV Meteorology and traffic control functions
  • Developing and optimizing the coverage of wireless and search networks

Creating a tourist attraction and providing the tourist, commercial and cultural spaces, such as a revolving restaurant, a special restaurant, open and closed viewing platforms, artistic porches, a sky dome, Iran’s celebrities’ museum, municipality gifts’ museum, a food court, commercial units, exhibition spaces, and such facilities as an international conference center with five different halls, a dolphin park, paintball, a seven-dimensional game cinema, two cinemas, a laserium, a traditional restaurant, a waterfall café and other amenities.

The location of Milad Tower among other high communication towers of the world

Seven tallest communication towers of the world are:

1) Tokyo Skytree, Japan (634 m)
2) Canton skyscraper in Guangzhou, China (605 m)
3) CN Tower of Toronto, Canada (533.3 m)
4) Ostankino skyscraper in Moscow, Russia (540 m)
5) Oriental Pearl Tower in Shanghai, China (467 m)
6) Milad Tower of Tehran, Iran (435 m)
7) Kuala Lumpur Tower, Malaysia (421 m)

The elevators of the Milad Tower in Tehran

The elevators of the Milad Tower are built in three parts:

1) The elevators in lower part of the tower (lobby)
2) High-speed elevators in the middle of the tower
3) Elevators for higher parts of the tower (tower peak)

  • The lower section has four elevators, each with a speed of 1.6 m/s, a capacity of 1600 kg and path length of 27 m
  • The middle section has six elevators that are installed in three duplex groups with the following specifications:
    One High-rise elevator, Schindler 700 – Speed: 7 m/s, capacity 1850 kg, path length: 302 m
    One High-rise elevator, Schindler 700 – Speed: 7 m/s, capacity 4000 kg, path length: 296 m
    Two High-rise elevators, Schindler 700 – Speed: 7 m/s, capacity 1850 kg, path length: 296 m
    Two High-rise elevators, Schindler 700 – Speed: 7 m/s, capacity 1850 kg, path length: 292 m
  • The tower peak has two elevators, each with speed of 1.6 m/s, a capacity of 1600 kg and path length of 27 m.

All elevators meet EN 81 standards, and, in some cases, exceed the standard. For example, the doors are fire resistant for two hours. Moreover, a regeneration system installed on the elevators transfer the extra DC power to the main network of the tower. The main doors are two pieces that open from the middle. Emergency exits are located as transference to neighbor elevators through the wall of the cabin and the stairway on the cabin roof.